Mohair is a lustrous fibre from the hair of the Angora goat. It is notable for its high lustre and sheen and is often blended with other fibres to add to these characteristics. Mohair takes dye exceptionally well, is also warm and durable as well as being stretch, flame and crease-resistant.
Mohair is often chosen for its great resilience and resistance to dirt and it is most commonly known for its use in suiting and knitwear. It is less commonly used in velvets, curtains and carpets, luxury furnishings, as well as upholstery for homes, cars, boats and aircraft. The long mohair fibre is particularly suitable for the production of worsted yarns for lightweight and tropical apparel fabrics. Summer garments in mohair regulate temperature and moisture absorption to deliver crease resistance and comfort.
The shorter fibres from shearing are used to spin woollen yarns for the production of brushed and smooth fabrics like Loden pattern or for velvet used for coats, blankets etc.
Mohair increases in diameter with the age of the goat. Young animal fibre will be used for fine cloths and knitwear, whilst the older animal fibre will be used in carpets, heavy fabrics and for hand-knitting.
The mohair goat is generally small; males weigh 40-45kg, they are generally about 55cm tall and 60cm long. Shearing generally happens every six months because the goat’s hair grows rapidly – 2cm per month in winter and 2.5cm in summer.
As mentioned above, fibre diameter increases with age:
|1st shearing||6 Months||Superfine Kids||<23 microns|
|Fine Kids||23-25 microns|
|2nd shearing||12 Months||Kids||25-27 microns|
|12 Months||Strong Kids||27-29.5 microns|
|3rd shearing||18 Months||Young Goats||29.5-32 microns|
|4th/5th shearing||24-30 Months||Fine Adult||32-34 microns|
|>30 Months||Adult||36-40 microns|
Take a look at the Mohair fibre we have available in our Crafty Fibres shop here